The Московский Метрополитен or Moscow metro is by far the most intensively used metro network in the world on which, on a working day, 10 million people travel. Because the number of passengers is less on weekends, the daily average is more than 7 million passengers. In 2004 the Moscow metro transported some 3,2 billion passengers. During rush hour a train arrives on the platform every 80 seconds. That’s why the metro is the most efficient and the fastest mean of transportation in the city. The network is also known for the architecture of its stations.
It may sound odd, but some Moscow metro stations are worth to be visited. Not to watch the thousands of travellers edging their way to work every day while they are sleeping or reading, but because of the enduring evidences of the evolution of the symbolism used by the Soviet Union throughout the years. Architecture, decorative arts and sculptures were integrated in a monumental project, especially in the stations in the city center.
Some stations like Ploshad Revolutsiy can't be called nice, but are worth to see, if only it was to understand how far the overwhelming idealisation of the realisations of the Soviet state could go, with at every corner huge statutes of militant and victorious labourers and soldiers. But other stations like Novoslobodskaya, Kievskaya and Komsomolskaya are more than just charming with their nicely elaborated arches, elegant arabesques and colourful mosaics.
The construction of the metro started in December 1932 and the first line between Sokolniky and Park Kultury opened on May 15, 1935. Two more lines were opened before World War II started. Stalin had a secret subterranean passage to the metro station Chistye Prudy.