Особняк Маргариты

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"Margarita and her husband occupied the entire  top floor of a  magnificent house in a garden on one of the lanes  near the Arbat.  A charming place! Anyone can  be convinced of it who wishes  to  visit  this garden. Let them inquire of me, and  I will give them  the address, show them the way  -  the house stands  untouched to this day..  That's how Bulgakov describes Margarita's houses in one of the passages where he directs himself to the reader as a chronicler.

In the side alleys of the Arbat many houses correspond more or less to Bulgakov's description. On the internet there are many fanatics who are going very far in their efforts to locate it, from the direction of the incidence of light of the moon  to the angle of incidence of the place from which Margarita could see her downstairs neighbour Nikolay Ivanovitch – as if the bench on which he was sitting could  never have been removed. One can ask for the sense of such efforts. In the descriptions of other places Bulgakov often mixed details of different places with each other, or moved existing buildings to other spots, where it suited him better. Think, for instance, of Dramlit, the Spaso house or Griboedov. But there's always a reason for it, and often Bulgakov gives clues in the satire to localise it and to give it a meaning. He doesn't give any clue for Margarita's house however, he even explicitly says that he doesn't want to do it in public – as if not all readers may know it, because as if he only wants to give the address to the ones who "wish to visit  this beautiful garden". It leads us to suspect that he describes here a house of his close personal environment and that it should remain there, or maybe it just isn't relevant to understand the novel.

Anyway, if I have to, I'm inclined to situate the house of Margarita and her husband in Taneyevuch ulitsa (now Maly Vlasevsky pereulok. Therefore I rely on on a clue presented by Bulgakov's himself. Because he gives a real detailed description of Margarita's flight on the broom, you just have to follow it. She starts over the front gates, between the maple branches, into the lane (Sivtsev Vrazhek street). Then she got into another that crossed the first at right angles and passed the kerosene shop to fly to the third lane (Kaposhin street) which, indeed, led straight to the Arbat, close to the Vakhantov theatre of which she passed the dazzlingly bright tubes. In Maly Vlasevsky pereulok there are - or were - two houses corresponding very well to the description. The first is number 12, a house with two storeys and a beautiful garden, a cast iron fencing and a gate. The second is number 10, of which the description corresponds quite nicely with the house in the novel, at least until before 1964, the year in which it was demolished. Now there is a large characterless apartment building.

On this map you can follow Bulgakov's description of Margarita's flight

Bulgakov must have known that house very well. Because there, or in the house just next to it, in no. 9a - the sources are not unanimous - lived Olga Sergeevna Bokshanskaya (1891-1948), the sister of Bulgakov’s wife Elena Sergeevna. Olga Sergeevna was the personal assistant to Vladimir Nemirovitch-Danshenko, one of the two founders of the MKHAT. She lived in Taneyevuch ulitsa with her husband, MKHAT actor Yevgeny Vasilevich Kalushki (1896-1966). That's at least what comes from the memory of Marina Vladimirovna Dmitryeva, spouse of artist Vladimir Vladimirovitch Dmitryev. The Dmitryevs were close friends of Bulgakov.

The Bulgakov’s had a rather complicated relation with Olga and Yevgeny. Olga was unconditionally faithful to her boss, and rather insensitive for Bulgakov’s talents and feelings, which could irritate Elena Sergeevna immensely. Olga was also font of Alexander Nikolayevich Afinogenov (1904-1941), a pure communist who hindered Bulgakov frequently at the Art Theatre and who was, according to Bulgakov, always given preferential treatment by the theatre management.

On the other hand, Bulgakov could appreciate his sister-in-law too. Because it was to her that he dictated the text of the novel end of May, beginning of June, 1938. Olga was a fully skilled typist and remained rather disapproving to The Master and Margarita until the very end,  but yet Bulgakov thought that she had worked very well, often until she was really exhausted, and Bulgakov admired her “unique perseverance”.

Was Bulgakov a clairvoyant? Marina Vladimirovna Dmitriyeva said that one day she was walking with Mikhail Bulgakov in Taneyevuch ulitsa, when he said unexpectedly: "When I die, I'll move to your child". Bulgakov died on March 10, 1940. And yes, nine months later, on December10, 1940, baby Anna Vladimirovna Dmitriyeva was born.

This daughter of the Dmitryevs would later become a famous sports reporter. She is now General manager of the sports section of NTV-Plus. And she married Dimitri Nikolayevitch Chukovsky, who is the author of a television documentary on Mikhail Bulgakov.

In January 2012, the house on Maly Vlasevsky pereulok number 12 was put on the market. The asking price was 42 million dollar. In that price was included the adjacent farm. Now the building is fully restored to its former glory.

Metro: Арбатская (Arbatskaya), Смоленская (Smolenskaya)



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